Pajamas or pyjamas, frequently shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can refer to a number of relevant sorts of garments originating within the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but occasionally also for lounging, also by the two sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may make reference to numerous garments, for each daywear and nightwear, derived from standard pajamas and involving variations of style and materials.
The word pyjama  was borrowed c. 1800 in the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[six] The first pyjāmā are unfastened, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans all through East India Enterprise rule in India.[seven][eight]
The all over the world usage of pajamas (the phrase plus the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British influence on the broader Western environment in the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early as the seventeenth century, then known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they before long fell away from trend. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the primary half on the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a style in Britain plus the Western environment as sleeping attire for men right up until the Victorian interval, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of utilization at enough time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
Such a garment is used by many people in India e.g. by Females of various lessons, by Sikh Adult men, and most by Mohammedans of both sexes. It absolutely was adopted through the Mohammedans by Europeans as an posting of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the pattern just like a great lots of Some others through the Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become used in London outlets. A buddy furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 yrs ago, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to pidzame them (as was often the case with People furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it can be due to the White Ants."[ten]
Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers mixture product of comfortable cloth, for example flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket ingredient generally has a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] A lot of people opt to slumber or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either which has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for guys and boys tend to be bought as separates.
In colloquial speech, these standard pajamas are often identified as PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas characteristic a fall seat (also referred to as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening within the seat, intended to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats pidzame were very common on pajamas designed ahead of the 1950s, but while in the early 20-first century They can be alternatively rare.
Up to date
Modern day pajamas are derived from traditional pajamas. There are various variants in style including limited sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of varying length, or, now and again, a person-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating different resources. Mainly during the US, stretch-knit sleep attire with rib-knit trimmings are widespread. Commonly worn by children, these garments frequently have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and may additionally be footed.
While pajamas tend to be distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments like nightgowns, inside the US, they've got often involved the latter to be a major. Babydoll pyjamas have a kind of brief dress leading more than shorts or quick pants.
Pajamas might right now consult with Females's mixture daywear, particularly in the US in which they grew to become well-known inside the early twentieth century, consisting of quick-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these include capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.